| Clipping | Ears
& Eyes | Paws |
Teeth | Bathing
Your dog will benefit by the proper treatment of their coat. There
is a basic technique depending upon your dog’s coat. It a minimum
your dog needs to be brushed on a regular basis to get rid of unwanted
hair and stimulate their scalps. Check out particular breed information
for how much brushing
Is needed to keep your dog looking its best.
• Short smooth
coat. Use a bristle or slicker brush and first brush against the
lie of your dog’s coat. Repeat in the dog’ coat right
• Short and long double coats: Separate sections of the coat
so that skin is visible. Use a pin or slicker brush and comb outwards
away from the skin. Work in sections until all mats are combed out.
The undercoat is the thickest at the hind legs and neck and you
may encounter the most mats here. After brushing out all under coats,
go over top coat moving brush with the lie of the coat.
• Short wiry coat: You will need a slicker brush, medium metal
tooth comb and a stripping comb. Thin the coat first with the stripping
comb lightly over. Then follow with the slicker brush and comb to
pick up any excess hairs. If you dog falls into this category you
should bring your dog to a professional groomer every month or other
month as needed to trim.
• Curly coats: Use a slicker brush daily to prevent matting.
Since they tend not to shed, a professional clipping every month
or other month is needed.
• Long coarse and silk coats: Difficult to care for. These
coats typically are clipped to keep matting and tangles at a minimum.
An unclipped dog with this coat needs daily grooming with a pin
and bristle brush. Bathing should be done weekly as well. Professional
grooming is recommended every 4 weeks.
• Hairless coats: Give your dog a gentle scrub with a face
puff while bathing to remove dead skin. Oil free moisturizer should
be applied daily to the coat.
Breeds, such as poodles, require the most clipping to keep
their coats looking beautiful. We recommend that if you need to
clip your dog, a professional groomer handle the job. It’s
too easy to give your dog a cut that doesn’t look natural
or nick their sensitive skin. Research your breed as to coat and
Ears and Eyes
Grooming your dog’s ears not only will keep them healthy
and smelling good, it also gives you a chance to check their eyes
at the same time. It’s important to take preventive measures
and check for problems before they become significant health risks
to your dog.
Start when your dog is a puppy and ears should be cleaned once
a month or more if they have floppy ears.
Dogs that have hairy faces tend to have hairy ears. Poodles, Shih
Tzu’s and Lhasa tend to have hair in their ears and this can
be removed by you or a professional groomer.
How to clean ears:
• Wrap you finger with a soft cloth dipped
in mineral oil or a commercial ear cleaning solution
• Rub the inside of the earflap and ear opening to remove
dirt or wax
• Don’t over clean, some wax is good
If you notice any unusual discharge or a high amount of smelly ear
wax, consult your vet.
How to clean eyes:
• Wipe eyes with a moistened cotton
• Clean under eyes daily to prevent staining
• Wipe cheeks with a damp cloth or baby toothbrush to rid
• If hair covers your dog’s eyes, use a band or clip
to pull back for cleaning, don’t clip this hair!
If redness persists, cloudiness, swelling, excessive tearing, or
pus exists, consult your vet.
Your dog’s paws take the hardest beating of all its
body parts especially their foot pads. You can rub vitamin E or
aloe after hard exercise to prevent blisters. Inspect their paws
after being outside in rough terrain for protruding objects or cuts.
Keeping your dogs nails clipped and groomed is not only for appearance,
it’s for health as well.
How to trim their nails and hairy toes:
• Trim every two weeks with a hand-held trimmer or electric
• Cut the nail at the point where it starts to curve downward
• Don’t cut to the quick which is pink. Clip above the
pink line quick.
• When finished, smooth out rough edges with a nail file
• Trim the dewclaw if your dog still has it. It’s the
fifth digit on the inside of the leg.
• For hairy toes, clean between the toes with warm water and
trim hair between the toes and pads with a blunt nosed scissor.
Trim hair as close to the pad as possible.
Just like we need to brush our teeth daily, so does your
dog. This is often overlooked. Poor dental hygiene can lead to a
number of diseases in the mouth and ultimately infections can lead
to internal problems. Also, your dog will avoid unwanted “doggy
• Brushing is recommended daily, but twice a week should
• Yearly dental exams by your vet along with a professional
cleaning is recommended
• Start brushing routine as a puppy
• For older dogs not used to cleanings, start with a little
food on a cloth and rub on teeth. Gradually move to dog toothpaste
on a cloth or small brush
• Don’t use human toothpaste! Buy special tooth paste
• Have your dog sit or lie on its side. Gently lift upper
lip and brush teeth a couple at a time. Work your way around the
upper teeth and then move to lower jaw.
• If your dog resists, enlist the aid of a helper to restrain
Depending upon your dog’s coat, some dogs
will need to be bathed more often than others. The longer the coat
or more dense, the more often a bath is needed. Your dog’s
lifestyle and habits will also dictate frequency. At a minimum,
your dog should be bathed at least 3 times a year. Don’t bath
more than once a month unless recommended by your vet. Some breeds
like St. Bernards and Chesapeake Retrievers have natural waterproofing
that frequent bathing can destroy.
Baths are necessary when fleas occur or your dog has dandruff.
Baths also was away allergies that can cause sneezing or itching
for your dog as well as you as owner.
Start bathing you dog at an early age and make it fun! Remember
to use shampoos specially created for dogs. Human shampoos can irritate
ears and eyes as well as cause skin irritations.
If all else fails, take your dog to a groomer for a professional
• Choose a warm draft free area for a bath. Bathtubs
and laundry sinks are good areas.
• Brush your dog prior to bathing to rid excess hair
• Use lukewarm, not hot water.
• Enlist a buddy to help into tub and hold still
• Lather from top to toe avoiding ears and eyes. Clean well
• Rinse thoroughly to get rid of soap
• Towel off as much water and keep warm until coat is completely
• Don’t use your hairdryer on a hot setting; you can
burn your dog’s sensitive skin.