|All dogs need to learn basic manners and boundaries
to stay within. They need guidance to learn right from wrong within
their family. You can enroll you dog in training classes or take
the task upon yourself.
When, Where, How Often
It’s never to early or too late to start training your dog.
Keep sessions short and don’t confine training to specific
times. Incorporate what you have trained your dog on within his
• When- Best time to start is when your dog is a puppy and
you first bring him home. It’s always best to train before
Where-Training should take place in a quiet area with few distractions.
If training on a leash, try a quiet street or section of a park.
How Often-Dogs learn with repetition. Practice commands a few times
a day and reward your dog for good behavior.
How Long-Keep training sessions short and sweet. Three to five
minutes is good. Always end the session after your dog has been
Who-The person who will be spending the most time with the dog
should also be the trainer or accompany to training classes.
All dogs want to please
and be rewarded. When your dog realizes you are happy with a certain
behavior, the will continue doing
it. Don’t let good behavior go unnoticed and be consistent
with your commands.
Things that matter when training your dog
the same commands in same tone of voice
• Positive Reinforcement-Reward to positive, ignore the negative
• Tasty rewards-Reward with a nutritional treat and as their behavior
becomes consistent, vary when you give a treat
• Timing- When your dog misbehaves, reprimand with a firm verbal
Collars and Leashes
Before leash training,
make sure your dog has a comfortable collar. When you put a collar
on for the first time, your dog will more
than likely scratch and yelp trying to get it off. If it’s
properly fitted, it will not harm your dog.
A good collar should fit snugly around the neck. You
should be able to put two fingers between the collar and your dog’s
neck for an ideal fit. An oversized collar can get caught on things
and possibly choke your dog.
Choke Chains- Used only for training!
Every dog reacts differently when they
feel the tug on the leash. They don’t understand at the beginning
why their body wants to go one way and their neck another.
Your dog will need a 6-8ft leash that fits comfortably in your
hand. A small dog will need one that is about a ¼” width
and a larger dog will need at least ½” width leash.
Let you dog become familiar with the leash by letting him drag
it around the house for short periods so they won’t be afraid.
Use a training collar at first with the leash but always remember
to take the training collar off when finished.
First step in leash training is to take a few steps away from
your dog and stop. Call him to come to you. If he comes, reward
with a treat or praise. Once he can perform this act indoors you
are ready to move outside for a walk.
Stand on your dog’s right while on a leash with the leash
in your right hand. Your left hand will be free to touch and control
Never tug or pull on your dog!
House Training Puppies
House training should be a priority when you first bring home
your new puppy. Dogs will never soil and area that they eat in
or sleep in. If you keep this in mind during your training, establish
a set feeding routine, house training can be effective done with
a minimum of accidents.
House training won’t take place overnight and accidents
will happen. Never place your dog’s nose at the site of the
accident! A better way is to clean the area and place a food bowl
over the spot. Dogs will not relieve themselves where they eat.
If you catch them in the act, distract by making a noise and telling
them “outside” or a command used to go out. Swiftly
take them to the spot designated as their toilet to finish. If
your dog has a relapse after months of good behavior start the
training process again.
Marking should not be confused with housetraining problems because
marking is deliberate. This behavior will arise in dogs who may
be trying to vie for the role of the leader in the household; marking
is a way of claiming territory. It is advised that if you should
notice this behavior indoors or out, you strengthen all obedience
commands immediately. This will remove all doubts as to who is
in charge around the house.
House Training Tips
• Select A “Toilet” Spot-
this is the spot that you will take your dog to relieve themselves.
• Set a routine-A puppy will eat several times a day. 10-20 minutes
following meals, your dog should be taken to his spot for relief.
• Encouragement-Following relief in his spot, provide praise or even
• Paper Training-Another option is to put down paper in a spot in
the house for relief. As they learn to relieve themselves in this
spot. Move a soiled paper outside and the scent will ease the transition.
Tips to Prevent Accidents
• Don’t make sudden changes
in their diet
• Avoid late night water or snacks
• Make sure that you spend enough times outdoors or take your dog
to his spot on regular intervals.
Crate training is not putting your dog/puppy in a cage or jail,
and you are not being cruel if you follow these tips. Dogs feel
secure in small, enclosed spaces, like a den. Dog crates make excellent
dens. It is a safe place for him to stay when you're away or when
you cannot watch him.
There are basically just a few steps in "crate" training
and they are as follows:
• Choose a crate the same size as
your puppy/dog. He should only have enough room to stand up, turn
around and lie down. His crate
is for sleeping or for a safe place to be when you cannot be with
him. If you get a huge crate for a small dog, he may eliminate
in one end and sleep in the other and you will have defeated the
whole purpose of using the crate
• Use a single-word command for your dog to enter his crate,
for example, "KENNEL"; throw in a treat or piece of kibble;
when the dog/puppy enters, praise him and close the crate door.
Increase the time he spends in the crate before you let him back
out. Remember, your dog still needs time to play and eliminate.
Maintain a regular schedule of trips outdoors so as not to confine
him too long.
• As a general guide, your puppy can stay in his crate comfortably
for several hours, depending on his age. Take his age in months,
add 1 month, and that's how many hours he should be able to stay
in his crate (up to about 8 hours). For example, a 2-month old
pup should be comfortable in his crate for about 3 hours (2 mth
old pup + 1 mth = 3 hours in his crate).
Always take your puppy/dog outside to the same area in your backyard
to eliminate on a leash so you can praise him when his job is finished.
This will take the guesswork out of his visits to the backyard.